DESIGNING A POLLINATOR GARDEN


In order to attract pollinators it is important to provide a variety of plants and colors with varied pollen and nectar throughout the entire growing season. Even a small garden can provide habitat attractive to birds, bees, and butterflies. Below are some hints for creating a pollinator garden:


 Incorporate local native plants into your garden. Native varieties have evolved along with our pollinators. They are more attractive to 

    pollinators and better meet their needs.


Color is important. Bees prefer yellow, white, and blue; Butterflies are attracted to red, orange, yellow, and pink; Hummingbirds like the  

   red, orange, and purple-red flowers.


-  A diversity of plants is important. Choose flowers in a variety of shapes and sizes to benefit all pollinators and plan for you garden to  

   have continual bloom from spring through fall.


Plant flowers in groups. Clusters of flowers attract more pollinators. If space allows, make each group 3 feet or more in diameter.


-  Include host plants for butterfly larvae. Plants, trees, and shrubs offer food for developing caterpillars. Many butterfly caterpillars

   require specific host plants.


And don't forget to provide water and shelter. A dead limb or log on the ground can provide shelter. A shallow dish of wet stones or

   mud provides a source of water and nutrients.


IMPORTANT PLANTS FOR POLLINATORS

                                                                         
 Native Perennials                                         Native  Shrubs                                                      Introduced Plantsfor Pollinators
 Anise Hyssop - Agastache foeniculum             Serviceberry - Amelanchier canadensis                   Dill - Anethum graveolens
*   
 Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis          
        Red Chokeberry - Aronia arbutifolia                         Pot Marigold - Calendula officinale
 Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata
*        Summersweet Pepper Bush - Clethra alnifolia        Cosmos - Cosmos bipinnatus
 Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca
*         Spicebush - Lindera benzoin *                                Foxglove - Digitalis purpurea
 Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa
*       Willow - Salix *                                                        Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare *
 Coreopsis - Coreopsis lanceolata                    Red Osier Dogwood - Swida sericea
*                    Candytuft - Iberis umbellata
 Coneflower - Echinacea purpurea                    High Bush Blueberry - Vaccinium corymbosum
*   Dutchman's Pipe - Isotrema m. *
 Joe-pye Weed - Eupatorium                             Viburnum - Viburnum
*                                          Lavender - Lavendula
 Wood Geranium - Geranium maculatum                      
                                                                  Mint - Mentha

 Blazing Star - Liatris spicata                             Native Trees                                                         Catmint - Nepeta
 Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis                  Red Maple - Acer rubrum
*                                    Parsley - Pentroselinum c.                         

 Wild Bergamot - Monarda fistulosa                  River Birch - Betula nigra *                                     Purple Salvia - Salvia nemorosa

 Mountain Mint - Pycnanthemum                      Eastern Redbud - Cercis canadensis *                  Sage - Salvia officinalis

 Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta                 Crabapple - Malus *                                               Siberian Squill - Scilla

 Goldenrod - Solidago                                       Black Cherry - Prunus serotina                            Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale
 New England Aster - Syphyotrichum n.a.
*        White Oak - Quercus alba *                                   Thyme - Thymus vulgaris
 New York Ironweed - Venonia                          Sassafras - Sassafras albidum *                             White Clover - Trifolium repens
 Violet - Viola labradorica *                                American Basswood  Tilia americana *                   Vetches - Vicia *
                                                                                                                                                        Zinnia - Zinnia elegans        

                                                                                                                                           

 * Important host plant (food source) for butterfly caterpillars as well as pollen and/or nectar source for adult butterflies,

    bees, and other pollinators.