DESIGNING A POLLINATOR GARDEN
In order to attract pollinators it is important to provide a variety of plants and colors with varied pollen and nectar throughout the entire growing season. Even a small garden can provide habitat attractive to birds, bees, and butterflies. Below are some hints for creating a pollinator garden:
- Incorporate local native plants into your garden. Native varieties have evolved along with our pollinators. They are more attractive to
pollinators and better meet their needs.
- Color is important. Bees prefer yellow, white, and blue; Butterflies are attracted to red, orange, yellow, and pink; Hummingbirds like the
red, orange, and purple-red flowers.
- A diversity of plants is important. Choose flowers in a variety of shapes and sizes to benefit all pollinators and plan for you garden to
have continual bloom from spring through fall.
- Plant flowers in groups. Clusters of flowers attract more pollinators. If space allows, make each group 3 feet or more in diameter.
- Include host plants for butterfly larvae. Plants, trees, and shrubs offer food for developing caterpillars. Many butterfly caterpillars
require specific host plants.
- And don't forget to provide water and shelter. A dead limb or log on the ground can provide shelter. A shallow dish of wet stones or
mud provides a source of water and nutrients.
IMPORTANT PLANTS FOR POLLINATORS
Native Perennials Native Shrubs Introduced Plantsfor Pollinators
Anise Hyssop - Agastache foeniculum Serviceberry - Amelanchier canadensis Dill - Anethum graveolens *
Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis Red Chokeberry - Aronia arbutifolia Pot Marigold - Calendula officinale
Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata * Summersweet Pepper Bush - Clethra alnifolia Cosmos - Cosmos bipinnatus
Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca * Spicebush - Lindera benzoin * Foxglove - Digitalis purpurea
Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa * Willow - Salix * Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare *
Coreopsis - Coreopsis lanceolata Red Osier Dogwood - Swida sericea * Candytuft - Iberis umbellata
Coneflower - Echinacea purpurea High Bush Blueberry - Vaccinium corymbosum * Dutchman's Pipe - Isotrema m. *
Joe-pye Weed - Eupatorium Viburnum - Viburnum * Lavender - Lavendula
Wood Geranium - Geranium maculatum Mint - Mentha
Blazing Star - Liatris spicata Native Trees Catmint - Nepeta
Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis Red Maple - Acer rubrum * Parsley - Pentroselinum c. *
Mountain Mint - Pycnanthemum Eastern Redbud - Cercis canadensis * Sage - Salvia officinalis
Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta Crabapple - Malus * Siberian Squill - Scilla
Goldenrod - Solidago Black Cherry - Prunus serotina * Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale
New England Aster - Syphyotrichum n.a.* White Oak - Quercus alba * Thyme - Thymus vulgaris
New York Ironweed - Venonia Sassafras - Sassafras albidum * White Clover - Trifolium repens
Violet - Viola labradorica * American Basswood Tilia americana * Vetches - Vicia *
Zinnia - Zinnia elegans
* Important host plant (food source) for butterfly caterpillars as well as pollen and/or nectar source for adult butterflies,
bees, and other pollinators.