DESIGNING A POLLINATOR GARDEN
In order to attract pollinators it is important to provide a variety of plants and colors with varied pollen and nectar throughout the entire growing season. Even a small garden can provide habitat attractive to birds, bees, and butterflies. Below are some hints for creating a pollinator garden:
- Incorporate local native plants into your garden. Native varieties have evolved along with our pollinators. They are more attractive to
pollinators and better meet their needs. Native Plants are believed to have become established in the region prior to
European colonization and that have evolved in a given place over a period of time sufficient to develop complex and
essential relationships with the physical environment and other organisms in a given ecological community.
- Color is important. Bees prefer yellow, white, and blue; Butterflies are attracted to red, orange, yellow, and pink; Hummingbirds like the
red, orange, and purple-red flowers.
- A diversity of plants is important. Choose flowers in a variety of shapes and sizes to benefit all pollinators and plan for you garden to
have continual bloom from spring through fall.
- Plant flowers in groups. Clusters of flowers attract more pollinators. If space allows, make each group 3 feet or more in diameter.
- Include host plants for butterfly larvae. Plants, trees, and shrubs offer food for developing caterpillars. Many butterfly caterpillars
require specific host plants.
- And don't forget to provide water and shelter. A dead limb or log on the ground can provide shelter. A shallow dish of wet stones or
mud provides a source of water and nutrients.
IMPORTANT PLANTS FOR POLLINATORS
Native Perennials Native Shrubs Introduced Plantsfor Pollinators
Anise Hyssop - Agastache foeniculum Serviceberry - Amelanchier canadensis Dill - Anethum graveolens *
Columbine - Aquilegia canadensis Red Chokeberry - Aronia arbutifolia Pot Marigold - Calendula officinale
Swamp Milkweed - Asclepias incarnata * Summersweet Pepper Bush - Clethra alnifolia Cosmos - Cosmos bipinnatus
Common Milkweed - Asclepias syriaca * Spicebush - Lindera benzoin * Foxglove - Digitalis purpurea
Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa * Willow - Salix * Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare *
Coreopsis - Coreopsis lanceolata Red Osier Dogwood - Swida sericea * Candytuft - Iberis umbellata
Coneflower - Echinacea purpurea High Bush Blueberry - Vaccinium corymbosum * Dutchman's Pipe - Isotrema m. *
Joe-pye Weed - Eupatorium Viburnum - Viburnum * Lavender - Lavendula
Wood Geranium - Geranium maculatum Mint - Mentha
Blazing Star - Liatris spicata Native Trees Catmint - Nepeta
Cardinal Flower - Lobelia cardinalis Red Maple - Acer rubrum * Parsley - Pentroselinum c. *
Mountain Mint - Pycnanthemum Eastern Redbud - Cercis canadensis * Sage - Salvia officinalis
Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta Crabapple - Malus * Siberian Squill - Scilla
Goldenrod - Solidago Black Cherry - Prunus serotina * Dandelion - Taraxacum officinale
New England Aster - Syphyotrichum n.a.* White Oak - Quercus alba * Thyme - Thymus vulgaris
New York Ironweed - Venonia Sassafras - Sassafras albidum * White Clover - Trifolium repens
Violet - Viola labradorica * American Basswood Tilia americana * Vetches - Vicia *
Zinnia - Zinnia elegans
* Important host plant (food source) for butterfly caterpillars as well as pollen and/or nectar source for adult butterflies,
bees, and other pollinators.